Another work in progress and one that will be slow due to the lack of available information on lesser known artists.
Click on images to enlarge.
Adams, C.J (1859 – 1931)
Charles James Adams was born in Gravesend in Kent. He studied at Leicester School of Art under W. Pilsbury, where he won the Mulready Gold Medal for Life Drawing. He later became a teacher at the school. He was a prolific artist in oil and watercolour, of landscapes, animals, genre and historical subjects.
Above: ‘Killarney‘, from Academy Picture Postcards: “Landscape Series” No.1028. – the only Irish card that I have so far found by the artist. The postal rate – printed on the card – is shown as a half-penny which places its production between 1870 and 1918.
Ballagh, Robert (1943)
Dublin born, mainstream artist.
Postcard of Ballinasloe Horse Fair, Co.Galway published by An Post – The Irish Post Office.
Scholastic Productions: Bird (?) artist – missed several superb cards on eBay recently, but with the aid of the snipping tool and Paint I managed to salvage something. He seems to have been active in the 1940s – anybody know anything about him?
Left to right: ‘Brent Geese at Dawn’; ‘Tufted Duck, Late Afternoon‘ and ‘Pintail at Daybreak‘.
Bowers, Stephen James
British watercolour artist who flourished 1874 – 1891.
See also on the Publishers page under Misch & Stock.
The two cards above, identical in style and captioning to the Misch & Stock ‘Nature Miniature‘ series appear to have been produced by an unidentifed German (?) publisher.
de Breanski, Alfred Fontville (Jnr.)
A couple of gems from my collection: Left to right – McGillycuddy’s Reeks, Killarney and Ross Castle, Killarney pub.by J.Salmon Ltd., Sevenoaks.
Burrows, Willam J
William Burrows was an Irish painter who flourished in the 1940s and 1950s. Several works by the artist have passed through the larger auction houses including McTear’s, Bonhams and Whyte’s. Burrows also exhibited ten works at the Royal Ulster Academy between 1948-1956.
Produced quite a lot of artwork for Valentine’s see some examples below.
Carey, John (1861 – 1943)
Irish artist who supplied work to Lawrence’s, Hely’s, ….
Carey, Joseph William (1859 – 1937)
Joseph was the son of the Rev. J. W. Carey, a Moravian Minister at Kilwarlin Moravian Church, Kilwarlin, County Down. He trained as an illustrator with Marcus Ward & Co., publishers.
Above: R.M.S.Viper passing Carrickfergus – a Valentines card.
Four cards published by Valentines.
Left to right: ‘Eventide, Connemara’ No.6502 and ‘Wild Connemara’ No.6494 part of the Woodbury Series published by Eyre & Spottiswoode Ltd.
Drummond, Nora (1862 – 1949)
Was born in Somerset, England, the second of fourteen children she came from an artistic family – her father being a former Master of the Bath School of Art and Design and an art tutor to the Royal Family, and her mother the daughter of the artist James Hardy (1801-1879). A number of other close relations were also well known artists of the day.
In 1893 she married Daniel Joseph F. Davies (1870-1948) and shortly after the turn of the century the couple emigrated to Canada. Although Drummond was working as an artist prior to the end of the 19th century, (she is described as such in the 1891 and 1901 censuses), the aspect of her work most widely encountered today are the illustrations, often featuring dogs and country pursuits, she produced for Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., a British publishing company with interests in the USA and Canada. Her younger sister, Eileen Drummond (b. 1884) also provided illustrations for Tuck postcards.
After her marriage she continued to sign her work “N. Drummond”.
So far I have identified a small number of her paintings used in Tuck’s “Irish Life” series.
Dudley Farrar was a Northern Irish artist who produced an extensive range of postcards during the 1990s. Most were simple cards featuring Irish railway locomotives and carriages against a plain background and belied the fact that he was quite an accomplished watercolour artist. The cards were printed by Grahams of Omagh.
Dudley was also a canny businessman and wherever possible found sponsorship to cover his production costs. I knew him briefly during the 1990s and he regularly used to send me signed copies of his latest cards – some of these will be offered for sale on the site shortly. One of nature’s gentlemen Dudley passed away in August 2000.
Left to right: Two County Down views – the Harbour, Ballywalter, and Dundonald.
Gallon, Robert (1845 – 1925)
Robert Gallon was a painter mainly of landscapes throughout England, Scotland and Wales and exhibited 32 pictures at the Royal Academy and 27 at the British Institution. He painted in a realistic style similar to Benjamin Williams Leader.
Gallon painted in a realistic style similar to Benjamin Williams Leader and George Vicat Cole. A clean fluency of manipulation is a hallmark of Gallon’s technique, the brush indicating form with a very smoothly controlled line. The atmosphere of his pictures was most characteristic, with richly coloured skies and filtered warm sunlight touching every corner of the canvas. Many of these fluently detailed pictures have added immediacy from having been painted entirely on the spot.
I’ve only identified a handful of cards to date and the signature is often very hard to make out.
Two Robert Gallon cards published by Siegmund Hildesheimer & Co.
Gerald, Brian aka Walter Henry Sweet (1889-1943)
A prolific West country artist who painted street scenes, moorland views and seascapes. He studied at Exeter School of Art under the guidance of his friend John Shapland. He worked locally and exhibited at the Devon and Exeter Annual Exhibition at the Elands Gallery in the early 1900’s. At the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Devonshire Regiment and saw active service abroad. After the war he moved to Dundee and was employed by James Valentine & Sons as a commercial illustrator.
Gibson, Colin (1948)
Colin Gibson was born in Belfast in 1948 and worked with the Belfast Telegraph as a graphic designer before he decided to become a full-time artist at the age of twenty-six. His first solo exhibition was held at the Nelson Bell Gallery in 1968. Gibson’s work has travelled to places as far away as Canada, America and Australia and can be easily recognised for its true depiction of Ireland. His paintings are all painted ‘en plein air’ which create a realistic atmosphere for the viewer.
So far I’ve only found one postcard featuring his work (above) for the ‘Fir Trees Lodge Hotel‘ in Strabane, Co.Tyrone and the publishing company – Beric Tempest – seems to have vanished into thin air.
Only the one postcard identified – so far – but as the artist is quite well known I will keep on the hunt.
“Clar Ellagh” Christian Fellowship Holiday Centre, Kilkee, Co.Clare.
Bears a 48c stamp but the postmark is obliterated. No publisher’s name. The holiday centre appears to have operated from the 1940s and closed down around 2004.
Jean’s early training consisted of a five year apprenticeship in dress design, textiles and construction, an interest in painting lead to a B.A, degree in Art History, Music & Social Science also a ‘Painting Two’ certificate with the Open College of the Arts. Jean specializes in capturing areas of local beauty, places that are special to her or to those that commission her paintings. Her work may be found in collections in South Africa, Australia and Canada.
The self-published postcard series dates from…….
Left to right: ‘Connemara, Co.Galway’. ‘Parish Church, Hillsborough, Co.Down’ and ‘Newcastle, Co.Down’.
Left to right: ‘Saul Church, Downpatrick, Co.Down’ and ‘Wellbrook Beetling Mill, Cookstown, Co.Tyrone’. Second row: ‘Cliffs of Moher, Co.Clare’ and ‘Co.Antrim Coast, N.Ireland’. All of the above from a selection kindly gifted to me by the artist.
Hayes, Sydney (18xx -c.1923)
Produced quite a lot of work for Valentines.
Yet another talented artist but absolutely no biographical information so far.
Left to right: ‘Morning Flight’ No.9002 and ‘Irish Mountain Cottages’ No.7017 – both by Scholastic Productions, Belfast.
Keene, Ezra ‘Elmer’ (1853–1929)
Ezra ‘Elmer’ Keene was born in 1853 in Nottinghamshire to a Quaker family. During the 1870s he switched from being a miller and baker to being an artist and photographer. Elmer married a Yorkshire girl Eliza Darlow and they had 11 children, four of whom became artists. The family moved to Leicester in 1901; Elmer died there in 1929.
He was known for producing card-friendly images in coastal and rural places, often moonlight scenes. Ref: www.rhyl-life.blogspot.ie/2010/04/elmer-keene
Elmer Keene was a mainly a postcard artist who painted over 2,000 postcards of landscapes and marine scenes.
Two cards c.1900/10 from the “Chic” series published by Charles Worcester & Co., Bristol.
Livingston, George David (1920 – 1978)
Born in Belfast.
Primarily self-taught he worked as a ‘commercial artist’ for most of his working life. I think he started as a ‘junior artist’ in the publicity department of the Ulster Transport Authority. He then worked as a commercial artist with W.G.Baird, a Belfast printing company. After Baird’s he went through a period of running his own small art studio in Snugville Street, Belfast. He finished his career as an artist/designer with the Belfast Telegraph.
Very much an all-rounder he applied his art skills to a wide range of projects (From a mural for the Kantara Hotel in Portrush to small press advertisements, trademarks and stationery designs).
An outstanding calligrapher and lettering artist he did many illuminated addresses for a wide range of VIPs visiting Belfast (including Royalty and Winston Churchill). He also spent many years lettering the title pages of memorial and pulpit Bibles.
Primarily a landscape painter he exhibited for many years in the Royal Ulster Academy.
A keen cyclist he was an active member of an artists’ cycling club that went sketching at the weekends (The River Lagan was a favoured location). Over the summer they went further afield (The Mournes and Donegal). Costs were kept to a minimum by utilising the extensive network of youth hostels.
I am indebted to the artist’s son, Alan Livingston, for the above information.
“The Mourne Mountains” (No.7015) pu 1946.
‘The Road to the Mountains‘ (No.7016)
The latest in a long line of artists used by Scholastic Productions.
Longstaffe, Edgar (1852 – 1933)
A prolific landscape painter of the Victorian era. Longstaffe was born near Derby in Derbyshire, England. During the 1880s he exhibited five times at the Royal Academy and the Royal Hibernian Academy.
He was for some years on the staff of Messrs Raphael Tuck & Sons, being sent by them to all the principal beauty spots of the British Isles to obtain sketches for reproduction work in the earlier days of the art picture postcard. He was especially fond of portraying the scenery of the Scottish Highlands and the south west of Ireland, often with cattle, and he excelled in the painting of water.
His cards are most commonly signed with a monogram but sometimes initialed ‘E.L.’ or signed ‘E Longstaffe’.
Left to right: ‘In Glencar’; ‘An Irish Homestead, Bray’ and ‘Cloone Lake, Glencar’.
MacCabe, Gladys M
Gladys MacCabe was born in 1918, in Randalstown, Co. Antrim, to an artistic couple – her mother Elizabeth was a designer in the linen business, and her father George Chalmers, a former army officer, was an artist specialising in calligraphy and illumination. One of her ancestors was a famous 18th century Scottish painter, Sir George Chalmers. She had a picture published in the Royal Drawing Society’s magazine when she was 16 years old and went on to study at the Belfast College of Art.
So far I’ve only found one work by the artist on a postcard – “A Fair Day in Ireland” below – but where there’s one there’s almost certainly more. This was was for Scholastic Productions, but I haven’t been able to date it yet due to it being un-posted.
Mac Cormack, Pat
Another artist that produced quite a few paintings for Scholastic. Mainly ‘ethnic’ and some fairly rudimentary at that but the best ones hit the spot. I picked up the four shown below for a few pounds on Delcampe. As usual, there’s zero information available about the artist but somebody must know something!
“An Evening Stroll“, “Home from the Sea“, “Passing the News” and “Telling the Tale” – simple but charming!
A further recent acquisition from eBay entitled “Bringing Home the Turf” but no series number!
Maybank, Thomas H (1869 – 1929)
Born Hector Thomas Maybank Webb in Beckenham, Kent, son of William Webb, a school board visitor, and his wife Annie, a china and glass dealer. At the age of eight he was thrown from a horse, injuring his hip. He stayed in St Thomas’ Hospital for two years with the resulting bone disease.
He became a surveyor for the Borough of Croydon, and in his spare time was a musician, singing baritone and playing the piano, organ and cello. He became a full-time artist in 1902, contributing to Punch regularly until 1909. He was the original artist on Uncle Oojah, written by Flo Lancaster, in the Daily Sketch from 1921.
As an artist and illustrator he was known for his depictions of fairies and pixies and magical landscapes which were used on London Underground advertising posters, prints, and children’s books.
Left to right: “Wayside Gossips” pub.by Eyre & Spottiswoode – Woodbury Series. “The Drag-Net, Irish Coast” pub. by Tallon, Grafton Street, Dublin – pu 1908. “Torc Mountain from Dinis Island, Killarney” pub.by Eyre & Spottiswoode – Woodbury Series 3882 – pu 1917.
Left to right: “Howth Harbour and Ireland’s Eye” and “The Devil’s Glen, Co.Wicklow” unknown publisher but probably Eyre & Spottiswoode.
McGuinness, Norah (1901 – 1980)
Two unusual cards from a set published by C.J.Fallon Ltd., 43 Parkgate Street, Dublin.1.
They have a certain ‘je ne sais quoi’ about them but I don’t know what it is!
McIntyre, R.F (1846 – 1906)
A London visual artist who exhibited at the Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, the New English Art Club and the Goupil Gallery. His paintings are delicate and often painted in an impressionistic manner.
‘Killarney, Upper Lake’ – Part of a set of six Irish cards issued by Raphael Tuck in 1904.
Left to right: “By Killarney’s Lakes“, Valentines No.1843 p.u.1950; “McCarthy More’s Castle, Killarney”, Valentines No.A1841 p.u.1950.
L Murdoch was another artist that supplied paintings to Scholastic Productions for their postcards. Little information is available and all that I have been able to find out to date is that the L stood for Leslie and that she taught Art at Strathearn School in Belfast in the 1970’s. I have picked up a small number of her cards on eBay and Delcampe but they are few and far between.
Left to right: ‘Ballintoy Harbour’ and ‘A Mountain Homestead’.
Newton, G E
Artist whose stormy seaside paintings were used by Raphael Tuck & Sons for a 1904 series of cards.
Above: East Strand, Bundoran, Ireland – “Sapphire Rough Sea” series 6336, printed in Austria. Details of full set here.
“Bunratty Castle, Co.Clare” a John Hinde card.
Eva Porter exhibited regularly with the Belfast Art Society (later the R.U.A) from an address on the King’s Road, Knock, in Belfast.
She was active from 1923 – 53 and worked mainly in watercolour, specializing in landscapes and garden scenes.
A few of her paintings have been sold at auction, and I was lucky enough to pick up the fine watercolour (above) on eBay for a song. Indeed, the three Eva Porter postcards that I also purchased on eBay cost nearly as much as the original painting! The strange rippled edge to the cards is a dead giveaway to those familiar with the postcards of Scholastic Productions Ltd., Belfast.
The three cards in my collection: left to right. “Springtime”, “An Old World Cottage”, and “Where the road ends”.
The latest edition to my collection after months of fruitless searching: “Headlands“.
Smith, John S
John started drawing from as long back as he can remember. He went to art school just prior to WW2 when he was called up and joined the Royal Navy. He served on the Cruiser HMS Niagara on the Malta and Russian convoys. After the war he continued his art studies and career. His work has been commissioned by most shipping companies and railways companies and his art has been used by many leading publishers in the UK and USA. Source.
Spencer, W G
From a series published by Spencer Healy Productions.
Stuart, B F
No information yet, but as the card below was posted in 1909 the artist was active prior to that date.
Doon Point, Rathlin Island – Baird & Co., (Belfast) posted in 1909.
Anne Tallentire was born in Co Armagh in 1949 and has lived and worked in London since 1984. She studied Fine Art Media at the Slade School of Art from 1986 to 1988.
She supplied John Hinde Ltd with paintings for their Artist card series.
Despite being clearly signed by the artist, the credits simply state ‘reproduced from an original Oil Painting by the Irish School of Landscape Painting‘.
Printed and Published by John Hinde Limited, Cabinteely, Co. Dublin.
Trick, Edward William (1902 – 1991)
A painter of watercolour landscapes and buildings who was born in Exeter. He was deaf and dumb, studied art under John Shapland the former headmaster of the Exeter School of Art. His subjects included cathedrals and old churches but most of his work was landscapes including Dartmoor and Exmoor views. He exhibited at the local Exeter Art Society exhibitions.
Produced many views for Valentines and seems to have covered most of the British Isles.
Way, Barnard (1890 – 1958)
I recently picked up this gem published by Tuck on eBay for a couple of Euros.
A very good bio of the artist may be found here.
Olive Whitmore was an American-born equestrian artist and illustrator. She supplied artwork to Scholastic Productions (Belfast) but is probably best known in Ireland for her iconic RDS Horse Show posters.
The Scholastic cards are of hunting scenes. They are un-numbered. Again, there’s virtually no information available online but from what I can gather she was active in the period 1920-1950.
Wilkinson, Norman CBE (1878-1971)
“The Antrim Coast Road” one of a series of cards for the Ulster Transport Authority (UTA) published in the 1950s.
Wilks, Maurice C (1911 – 1984)
Maurice Canning Wilks was without doubt the best known of the artists who supplied Scholastic Productions with artworks.
Born in Belfast 1911, the son of a linen designer, he received his academic education at Malone Public School, Belfast and at Belfast College of Art. Wilks was only nineteen when he won the Dunville scholarship. He later exhibited at the Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin and also at the Oireachtas. In his early years as an artist he resided in Cushendun, in the Glens of Antrim. He sketched and painted all over Ireland, but he especially liked the atmosphere of Donegal and the West of Ireland.
He exhibited in London, Montreal, Boston and Toronto and his paintings have been shown at the Royal Academy, London. He had several one man exhibitions at the Victor Waddington Galleries, Dublin, and in more recent years at the Walker Gallery, Coleraine; The Malone Gallery, Belfast; The Bell Gallery, Belfast and at the Oriel Gallery, Dublin. In his later years he had a summer studio at Sutton, Co. Dublin which enabled him to paint many scenes of Dublin and Dublin Bay. He is represented an many public and private collections including the Ulster Museum, Armagh County Museum and the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum.
The auction record for a work by Maurice Canning Wilks was set in 2002, when his painting, entitled ‘Connemara Man’, was sold at Whyte’s, in Dublin, for €33,000. Most of his paintings do not exceed low four-figure sums but even that is beyond me and I’ll happily settle for the postcards.
Most Scholastic cards – at least those that I’ve so far encountered – seem restricted to Ulster and this one of the Lakes of Killarney (No.1001) is something of a rarity.
Irish Cottage by the Sea – Scholastic (No.821).
Young, Walter Hayward (1868 -1920)
Educated at Warwick School, Hayward-Young’s work, particularly his postcard designs (of which there are over 800), became renowned worldwide. He wrote a series of articles on Sketching for ‘The Girls Own Paper and Woman’s Magazine’ which were later published as a book under the title ‘Short Cuts to Sketching’.
Hayward-Young signed many of his pieces under the pseudonym ‘Jotter’. In 1912, Hayward-Young designed posters for the London Underground, including one promoting visits to Hampton Court. Wiki.
And that’s it, not much of an entry for an artist who created well over the 800 original works of art referred to above, as well as various posters, book illustrations and other paintings.
Happily for Hayward Young – there’s no hyphen and Hayward was a Christian name – his maturing as an artist coincided with the development of picture postcards and he appears to have been very much in demand. Young produced paintings for quite a number of postcard publishers with the firm of Raphael Tuck & Sons (London) being the principal one. He also produced work for the firms of Arthur Burkart & Co. and Frederick Hartmann both also of London. Ironically, in the light of what was to follow, all three firms were developed by German émigrés.
On the 29th December 1940, a bombing raid on London by the German Luftwaffe, destroyed Tuck’s Raphael House head offices and the records of seventy-four years and 40,000 or more original pictures were reduced to ashes. I assume that this is the reason that so few original “Jotter” paintings turn up at auction. I haven’t established what happened to the collections held at the other London based postcard publishers – anybody able to throw some light on the matter? .
There’s a very fine database of Tuck’s output here: http://tuckdb.org/ and all of Young’s Irish postcards produced for the firm can be found there. I have been on the trail of his Irish work for other companies – that for Burkart & Co. is concentrated on the great Victorian hotels that sprang up to cater for the tourist trade brought to the south and west of the country by the railways.
Salthill & Kingstown from Seapoint published by Arthur Burkart & Co. – one of a number painted by “Jotter” in this location. Purchased last week on eBid for just €3.